According to the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension service, hybrid tea roses are one of the most popular types of flowering rose grown through out the state of Oklahoma. Plant bare root roses in Oklahoma from mid-February through mid-March and potted roses after April 1 once there is no longer a risk of frost. Inspect rose bushes prior to making a purchase to make sure they are free of insects and disease.
Select a planting location for roses that has a well-draining, acidic soil. Roses prefer a sand loam or clay loam soil. The location should receive at least six hours of direct sunlight each day and have good air circulation.
Prepare the planting area by testing the soil pH to verify it is 5.5 to 7.0. Work ground rock sulfur into the soil at least two weeks prior to planting to lower the pH number if needed.
Add 2 to 4 inches of organic compost and a high phosphate fertilizer to the soil surface. Work the amendments into the soil with a tiller to a depth of 10 inches. Use a shovel to work the amendments into a small area.
Dig a hole that is the slightly deeper and twice as wide as the rose root ball. Sprinkle a handful of bone meal to the bottom of the hole. Mix equal portions of organic compost into the removed soil.
Remove the rose from the container and set it into the hole so the crown graft point is 1 inch below the soil surface. Gently spread the roots in the bottom of the hole, fill with the amended soil and gently tamp to hold in place. Space rose bushes 2 to 3 feet apart.
Water the soil of the rose bush immediately after planting to pack the soil and limit air pockets. Place a 3-inch layer of organic mulch over the root ball area of the plant to assist with moisture retention. Leave a 3-inch gap between the stem of the rose and start of mulch.
Things You Will Need
- Soil pH test
- Ground rock sulfur
- Organic compost
- High phosphate fertilizer
- Bone meal
- Create an 8 to 10 inch high raised bed for planting roses if the Oklahoma soil is heavy clay. Fill the raised bed with an even mixture of topsoil, peat moss and perlite.
- Apply water roses at ground level to prevent fungal infections.