Flowers are grown for their bright colors, interesting shapes and pleasant fragrances. Many types are easy to grow and find in your local garden store. A good selection of perennials and annuals will round out any garden. Many flowers are also used indoors as houseplants for all or part of their life.
Daffodil flowers are one of the first flowers of spring. Plant the bulbs 5 inches deep in the fall in a well-drained sunny location. After flowering, let the leaves remain until they die off naturally in the summer heat. Dig and divide the bulbs every four years.
Moth orchids are common in home and garden stores, and they will survive in the average home if given the right care. Place them in an east or shaded west window where the temperature will remain above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Provide ample humidity above 50 percent and water only when the potting mix almost dries out.
Hyacinth flowers are big, bold and colorful, and they add a pleasant fragrance to the garden in spring. In the fall, plant the bulbs in a sunny location 7 inches deep in well-drained fertile soil. After several seasons, the bulbs will produce smaller flowers, and they need to be dug up and replaced.
Every Easter, the white trumpet-flowered lilies are purchased and given away as gifts. When indoors, place them in bright indirect light that stays between 60 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. After flowering, plant them in a sunny location in the garden with heavy mulch. Cut the stalk when it dies off in the fall. It will flower again during the next season. Easter lilies prefer to stay slightly moist, but they will rot if allowed to sit in wet soil.
Clematis is a climbing perennial vine that produces numerous large colorful flowers in the garden during the spring and summer. Clematis vines like full morning sun with some afternoon shade. They require well-draining soil and only require irrigation in the warmest summer months.
Geraniums are a favorite flower with gardeners, whether they are planted in flower beds or in containers. They prefer full sun and well-draining soil that remains slightly moist. In warmer areas, particularly in USDA zones 8 through 10, they are perennial. Geraniums are used as annuals in cooler areas.
Lupines are popular perennials that are native North American wildflowers. They have been extensively used in gardens. The bright blue-to-purple flower spikes add color that stands out from the plants around them. Lupines like full sun in dry soils that contain sand or gravel.
Calla lilies have cone-shaped flowers and thick, glossy green leaves up to 2 feet tall. They grow from a tuber and prefer full sun to partial shade in well-drained moist soil. They are hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10, but can be grown successfully in colder areas if dug and stored for winter or heavily mulched.
Tulips are widely grown for their showy flowers in early to mid spring, and they come in a wide range of colors and patterns. Plant the bulbs in the fall 4 to 8 inches deep in groupings. Tulips like well-draining soil in full sun to partial shade. Replace the bulbs each year, or trim the foliage back after it dies off naturally.
Pansies are an all-time favorite bedding plant due to their ease of care and variety of colorful flowers. They bloom in cool weather, and they are used as summer annuals in cooler climates and winter annuals in warmer climates. In moderate areas they are perennials. They like moist, well-drained soil and full sun.