Food plots provide deer and other smaller wildlife a supplemental source of food, which may be especially important during harsh winters. Smaller wildlife may come to depend on the food plot for nesting or brood cover, so consider leaving a plot stand for three to four years before replanting. The food plot mix you create should be determined by growing conditions, your food plot goals and existing vegetation in the surrounding area. Food plot mixes, typically including small grains and perhaps clover, provide cool season food for wildlife. When selecting grain varieties, choose ones that are suitable for your region and consider mixing early and late-producing varieties to extend the production over a longer period. Plant the food plot near wildlife travel lanes, recommends Purdue University.
Mix the wheat, rye and oat seed together in a mixing bin. Mix well to ensure an even distribution of seeds for planting. Seed a one acre plot with this grain mix. Disk to cover the grain seeds with about an inch of soil.
Inoculate the clover seed by pouring about a fourth of the seed into an old washtub or similar container. Sprinkle the seed with water and add the powdered inoculant. Mix well and continue adding more clover seed, water and inoculant, until you have the 3.5 ounces of inoculant mixed with both of the varieties of clover seed. (The nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the inoculant will allow the clover to obtain nitrogen from the air to fertilize itself.)
Allow the inoculated seed to dry, but keep it out of direct sun. Broadcast the dried clover seed over the grain-seeded plot and cover the clover seed with about a quarter inch of soil by using a roller or a drag made from a piece of chain link fence.