Burma, or Myanmar, is a small subtropical southeast Asian country. Rich in wildlife and steeped in natural beauty, the country suffers from deforestation, according to the CIA World Factbook. Despite the threatened forest lands, Burma is home to a wide array of fruit trees. Some of these fruit trees are familiar the world over, while others are considered more exotic.
The rambutan tree (Nephelium lappaceum) produces a bright-red fruit of the same name. Popular as a cultivated tree throughout Malaysia and parts of South America, the rambutan tree is not grown in the United States, according to Purdue University's Horticultural Department. Growing 50 to 80 feet tall under ideal climates, the rambutan tree prefers deep, well-drained soil that is rich in nutrients and comprised of clay loam or sandy loam. Trees should be planted between 33 and 40 feet apart due to the growth of their root systems over time. Rambutan produce fruit in late fall and early spring. Ideally planted from seed, these trees take approximately five to six years to produce fruit.
The durian tree (Durio kutejensis) prefers moist, humid, rainforest-style conditions. Growing up to heights of 135 feet in its native Burma, the durian tree is marked by glossy, dark-green leaves. The tree produces bright-red flowers, the smell of which is likened to dead flesh. Pollinated by bees, birds and bats, the trees usually take between eight and 12 years to bear fruit. The fruit of the durian tree is spiked and intimidating, bearing the same rotten flesh smell as the flowers of the tree. Strictly tropical in nature, these trees refuse to grow below temperatures of 72 degrees Fahrenheit. Peak fruit production is from June through August. When cut open, the durian fruit exposes a bright-yellow creamy pulp with a sweet taste.
The mango tree (Mangifera indica) is native to India, but made its way to Maylasia sometime within the 5th century B.C. Growing between 115 to 130 feet tall, this tropical evergreen fruit tree has pinkish-orange leaves when young, glossy red leaves as it grows, and dark-green leaves when mature. Flowers are small and white with a scent reminiscent of the lily-of-the-valley plant. The fruit of the mango tree has a red, waxy exterior and a yellow, fibrous interior. The fruit ranges in taste from mildly sweet to tart. Mango trees tolerate a variety of soil types, but prefer well-drained, sandy soils, according to Purdue University's Department of Horticulture.
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