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Types of Flowers Used in Flower Arrangements

roses rose, rose.. image by Christophe Hamerlik from

Although the art of flower arranging may seem mystifying, use your own flowers to create visually interesting and beautiful displays employing the conventions used by professionals. Three types of flowers make up a floral arrangement. Combine them in different ways to create virtually any form, from the highly structured triangular to the looser minimal arrangements.

Mass Flowers

Mass flowers are the main display flowers of an arrangement. If you have ever seen a bouquet of roses with baby's breath included, the roses in the bouquet are the mass flowers. Mass flowers in an arrangement generally should call attention to themselves, either by color, size or frequency in the display. Tulips, lilies, roses, sunflowers, carnations, daffodils, daisies and orchids are all examples of flowers that work well as mass flowers in an arrangement, although your options are not limited to only those. Mass flowers are typically placed in an arrangement after the line flowers are placed, if line flowers are used.

Line Flowers

Line flowers are usually placed first in a floral arrangement and provide the overall shape of the display. Line flowers can be wired into place to make them conform to certain design ideas, such as wiring the stems to create a crescent-shaped arrangement. Good line flowers are typically longer and narrower in form than other flowers. For example, lavender, gladiolus and delphinium work well as line flowers.

Filler Flowers

Filler flowers do just what their name suggests: they fill out floral arrangements. Baby's breath is one of the most common filler flowers available, but any flower with small blooms that don't clash with the mass flowers works well. Use greenery for the same purpose, along with stems with small berries instead of flowers.

Types Of Flowers Used In Flower Arrangements

According to Elements of Classic Designs, each type of flower in an arrangement has a purpose. Line flowers have tall narrow profiles and are used both vertically and horizontally to establish an arrangement's height and width. They include gladioli, delphiniums, freesias, larkspur and giant snapdragons. Clusters of individual flowers on a single stem, like babies' breath, statice, wax flowers, limonium and solidaster, provide color and body between the line and focal flowers. Textured flowers create visual interest. They add an unexpected and haunting dimension to flower arrangements.

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