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Types of Flowers in the Philippines That Are Pollinated by Bees

orange tree in the garden image by Daria Miroshnikova from

The Philippines are well-known for lush, fragrant gardens and colorful tropical flowers. Many flowers cannot reproduce on their own and require a pollinator to track pollen from male to female flowers or from one plant to another. One of a garden's primary pollinators is the bee. Honey bees, bumble bees, mason bees and carpenter bees all pollinate flowers so that the plant can set seed or produce fruits or vegetables. Bees can be found in the garden as soon as flowers begin to open in early spring.


lemon tree in front of an old fortification image by Daria Miroshnikova from

Citrus trees, including oranges, lemons, limes, kumquats and grapefruits, are popular garden trees in the Philippines. While most varieties have the ability to self-pollinate, yields are low without the help of bees. Bees track pollen from one variety of citrus tree to another, ensuring lots of cross-pollination. Bees are attracted to citrus trees in the garden by their sweet nectar and bright pollen. Fruit begins to form in early May and begins to ripen within three months.


sunflowers image by Renata Osinska from

Sunflowers cannot set seed without cross-pollination between flowers. They are dependent on bees as their main pollinator. Many sunflowers grow semi-wild in Philippine gardens. The seeds drop at the end of the season as the seed head dries up and the seeds grow again at the beginning of the following growing season.


vanilla beans image by joanna wnuk from

Vanilla vines can ramble through the gardens of the Philippines unchecked or can be pruned and trained in more formal settings. Vanilla flowers do not require cross-pollination from other plants but are unable to self-pollinate without the help of bees or hummingbirds, both of which are attracted to the delicately-scented, white flowers. When pollinated, vanilla vines produce long pods that turn brown when mature. The seeds within the pods produce the vanilla flavoring used in cooking.

Flowers That Bees Hate

Knowing what types of flowers bees prefer will help guide you in your choices. Bees have color preferences. They don't see red, and prefer flowers that are yellow, blue or violet. Examples of hummingbird-friendly flowers include columbines (Columbine aquilegia spp. ), Butterflies prefer bright, showy flowers. They have long tongues, so, like hummingbirds, they are attracted to tubular flowers with lots of nectar. They can't hover, however, so they need somewhere to land, and often choose flowers that grow in clusters. Favorite flowers include blood flowers (Asclepias curassavica), USDA zones 8 through 11, and butterfly bush (Buddleja davidii), USDA zones 5 through 10. The yucca plant (Yucca spp. ),

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