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What Is Meyer Zoysia Grass?

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Meyer zoysia grass is a slow-growing turfgrass that has a deep green color. It is a warm season grass that is a strain of Zoysia japonica. Meyer zoysia grass is much more tolerant of cold than the majority of other zoysia grasses. The name of the grass combines Karl von Zois, the Austrian botanist, with Frank N. Meyer, who worked for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Uses

Meyer zoysia grass is classified as a premium lawn grass and is commonly grown on both commercial and residential lawns. It is also often used in golf course fairways and tees. This type of grass is particularly advantageous for golf courses, due to its low need for water and mowing, and high tolerance to cold.

Benefits

Meyer zoysia grass offers various benefits. Its dense turf can protect against weed invasion. It is highly resistant against many (but not all) diseases and pests. It has a good tolerance to salt, shade, wear and cold, and it can also handle close mowing.

Problems

Although Meyer zoysia grass is highly resistant to most insects and diseases, there are some possible problems. One of the most serious problems that could affect Meyer zoysia grass is called brown patch (rhizoctonia fungus). Other potential problems include bill bugs, grubs, moles, crickets and leaf rust.

Appearance

Meyer zoysia grass is generally a rich green shade. During the winter months, however, the grass develops into a pleasant, warm, golden-brown color. It produces a thick, dense mat that is capable of driving out problematic weeds. The grass has a medium blade texture.

Cultivation

Meyer zoysia grass thrives when grown in full sun. It can grow successfully in minimal shade but avoid growing it in an area with abundant shade. It is drought tolerant.

Meyer Zoysia Grass?

Meyer zoysia may be planted using seeds or plugs. Seeds are best sown in late spring or summer. They generally take two to three weeks to germinate and up to two months to establish. Seeds cannot be covered by soil and must be covered with an erosion cloth to prevent them from being dislodged by rain and wind. Meyer zoysia is a nutrient hog that requires a rich soil that is fed three to six times a year. The University of Florida Extension recommends feeding zoysia grass with 1/2 to 1 pound of water-soluble, slow-release nitrogen fertilizer per 1,000 square feet of grass. After planting, water seeds lightly and frequently to keep the soil moist, but not flooded or water logged. Water the grass whenever the leaf blades begin to fold or turn bluish. If footprints are visible after walking on the grass, it's time to water. This can be remedied by spraying chelated iron or manganese on the leaves.

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