Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

What Cherry Trees Can I Plant in Western Washington?

...
cherries image by Alison Bowden from Fotolia.com

Washington State remains a leading producer of sweet cherries for supermarkets across the United States, but cherries and other fruit crop orchards exist in huge numbers in the eastern and central counties of the state. While many ornamental cherries grow nicely in gardens in western Washington, sweet cherry trees with rootstock resistant to bacterial canker and tolerant of heavy, volcanic soils prove best. Plant multiple trees to yield large fruit crops.

Rootstock

The heavy, wet soils common across western Washington around Puget Sound causes many cherry tree varieties that prosper further east to succumb to fungal and root rot, and fruit-cracking when rains occur as cherries reach maturity. Only purchase sweet cherry trees grafted onto Mazzard F-12-1 roots, which demonstrates excellent resistance to bacterial canker, a destructive disease in this part of the state. Another acceptable rootstock is Sweet Cherry Seedling, also called Mazzard. Trees growing upon Mahaleb rootstock should be avoided unless your garden soil is sandy and well-draining, a condition rarely seen in western Washington.

  • Washington State remains a leading producer of sweet cherries for supermarkets across the United States, but cherries and other fruit crop orchards exist in huge numbers in the eastern and central counties of the state.
  • Only purchase sweet cherry trees grafted onto Mazzard F-12-1 roots, which demonstrates excellent resistance to bacterial canker, a destructive disease in this part of the state.

Red-fruiting Varieties

Sometimes called "black fruiting" since the ripe color of these fruits leans toward blackened red, red remains the associated color of cherries. Early Berlat ripens in June. Most other recommended red cherry varieties ripen through July. Venus, Sam, Stella and Compact Stella are selections that tend to avoid cracking. According to Washington State University, Van remains the best variety to grow, rivaling Bing, which is not recommended due to its susceptibility to bacterial canker.

Other Colored Fruit Varieties

While no pink or white fruiting sweet cherry trees grow satisfactorily in western Washington, several gold to yellow cherries do. The traditional, "old fashioned" variety Royal Ann remains a good choice, although cracking often occurs on its fruits. Newer varieties prove less likely to crack, but their overall fruit size remains less impressive than those of Royal Ann. These newer varieties include Gold, Corum, Rainier and Bada.

  • Sometimes called "black fruiting" since the ripe color of these fruits leans toward blackened red, red remains the associated color of cherries.
  • The traditional, "old fashioned" variety Royal Ann remains a good choice, although cracking often occurs on its fruits.

Related Articles

Varieties of Cherry Trees
Varieties of Cherry Trees
Self-Pollinating Cherry Trees That Do Well in Southern California
Self-Pollinating Cherry Trees That Do Well in Southern...
Types of Nectarines
Types of Nectarines
List of Self-Pollinating Cherry Trees
List of Self-Pollinating Cherry Trees
The Best Peach Trees for Wisconsin
The Best Peach Trees for Wisconsin
Fruit Trees in the Midwest
Fruit Trees in the Midwest
Self-Pollinating Dwarf Fruit Trees
Self-Pollinating Dwarf Fruit Trees
What Fruit Trees Grow in Michigan?
What Fruit Trees Grow in Michigan?
Fruit Trees in Colorado
Fruit Trees in Colorado
Growing Cherry Trees in Georgia
Growing Cherry Trees in Georgia
The Hardiness Zone for Cherry Fruit Trees
The Hardiness Zone for Cherry Fruit Trees
Do Persimmons Need to Be Pollinated?
Do Persimmons Need to Be Pollinated?
Fruit Trees That Grow Well in Northwest Oregon
Fruit Trees That Grow Well in Northwest Oregon
What Cherry Trees to Grow in Colorado
What Cherry Trees to Grow in Colorado
Apple Varieties in Kentucky
Apple Varieties in Kentucky
Garden Guides
×