Flower gardening is a rewarding practice, that provides beautiful colors and fragrances to the home garden. Gardening flowers requires its own particular set of knowledge, including specific watering steps, soil conditions and a knowledge of the common diseases.
Flower gardens are started in a variety of ways. The easiest method is the buying of nursery plants, already started, which are then transplanted into a gardening area. Care instructions are often given with the plant, or can be obtained through the nursery. Flowers are also started from bulbs, also bought from gardening centers, or from seeds that can be bought or collected from the wild.
Perennial flowers, who grow for several years without replanting, require the right kind of soil conditions and are less able to handle poorly maintained soils. A pH test is required to learn the correct nutrient level in the soil. A pH test is available from gardening centers, or soil samples collected from the garden can be sent to local university extension services. Fertilization directions for the soil are often provided by the university labs. Soils that are clay based or excessively sandy should have organic material mixed in to improve water retention and nutrient levels.
Flowers, like most plants, require proper watering to grow properly. In general, most flowers require 1 inch of water per week. Rain fall measurement should be maintained to inform your own watering practices. If a half inch of rain is given by nature, manual watering will only have to provide another half inch. Some flowers require more or less water according to species.
If outside flower space is not available, container gardening of flowers is possible. Flowers should be picked according to their light needs. If you have southerly facing windows in your home, it will be possible to grow most flower varieties. Pruning practices and regular fertilization of the container soil, every two to three weeks, will keep the soil nutrient rich.
Flower diseases are often species specific. Several diseases and symptoms run throughout many flowers so certain signs should be common. Wilting leaves, as well as spots on the leaves, is a common sign of disease. Fungi growing in the soil may cause vascular wilt of the plant, turning it brown, making it wilt and eventually killing the plant. Application of fungicides in the spring, repeated every two weeks, will kill most diseases. Pest such as insects should be dealt with immediately using pesticide according to the species.