Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

Types of Flowers Native to the Philippines

...
hibiscus image by photlook from Fotolia.com

It is possible that early settlers in the Philippines from China, India, Indonesia and Malaysia brought with them plants and flowers now considered native to the Philippines. However, there are selected flowers that most botanists concur are indigenous to islands such as Mindanao and its coastal settlements like Davao and Zamboanga.

Waling-waling

The waling-waling (Vanda sanderiana) is the “queen of Philippine orchids,” reigning supreme at the peak and in the foothills of the highest mountain in the Philippines, Mount Apo. The German botanist, Heinrich Gustav Reicheinbach discovered this rainforest native orchid in Mindanao in 1882. The waling-waling blooms just once a year, between July and October, usually growing on tree trunks. In Davao City, it is the highlight of the annual Kadayawan Festival that celebrates the harvest with a floral float parade.

European Old Prints

The waling-waling is among the flowers commemorated in the form of European old prints. Other Philippine flowers highlighted in this way include the mariposa orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis) whose flowers are white with touches of yellow and red; sanggumay (Dendrobium anosum also called Dendrobium superbum) with purple flowers, two popular variations being anosum var. dearei and anosum var. buttonii; and the multicolored lady's slipper (Paphiopedilum argus) whose botanic name comes from Greek mythology.

  • It is possible that early settlers in the Philippines from China, India, Indonesia and Malaysia brought with them plants and flowers now considered native to the Philippines.
  • The waling-waling (Vanda sanderiana) is the “queen of Philippine orchids,” reigning supreme at the peak and in the foothills of the highest mountain in the Philippines, Mount Apo.

Hibiscus

Earliest known written records of the hibiscus in the Philippines date back to 1883 when a Spanish priest, Father Manuel Blanco, recorded them in his work, “Flora de Manila.” The hibiscus has a long Philippines history, not just as a flower, but also for medicinal and dietary uses.

The swamp hibiscus or rose mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos) is native to the Philippines. The production of herbal teas and black tea blends utilizes the petals of the swamp hibiscus. The malabago (Hibiscus tiliaceus) is common to Mindanao’s seashore, and features whitish-pink to yellow flowers. The fresh bark produces a solution used to treat dysentery.

Sampaguita

Mention must be made of the sampaguita (Jasminum sambac) because it is the national flower of the Philippines. However, it is not native to the Philippines, but originates in India. In 1934, the Philippines Governor-General Frank Murphy declared the sampaguita the national flower on the basis of its “popularity, ornamental value, fragrance and the role it plays in the legends and traditions of the Filipino people.” Common names for this pretty, white, tropical jasmine species include Arabian jasmine, Mogra and a number of other local names known in India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka where this plant thrives also.

  • Earliest known written records of the hibiscus in the Philippines date back to 1883 when a Spanish priest, Father Manuel Blanco, recorded them in his work, “Flora de Manila.” The malabago (Hibiscus tiliaceus) is common to Mindanao’s seashore, and features whitish-pink to yellow flowers.

Related Articles

The Meaning of a Hibiscus Flower
The Meaning of a Hibiscus Flower
Types of Flowers of the Philippines
Types of Flowers of the Philippines
Thai Flower Names
Thai Flower Names
White Hibiscus Flower
White Hibiscus Flower
The History of Pressed Flowers
The History of Pressed Flowers
Types of Flowers for Corsages
Types of Flowers for Corsages
The Meaning of the Edelweiss Flower
The Meaning of the Edelweiss Flower
German Flower Names
German Flower Names
Common Malaysian Flowers
Common Malaysian Flowers
The History of the Passion Flower
The History of the Passion Flower
Flowers Native to Thailand
Flowers Native to Thailand
What Is the Name of the Dark Blue & Purple Orchid?
What Is the Name of the Dark Blue & Purple Orchid?
Flowers Native to Vietnam
Flowers Native to Vietnam
Meaning of Black Orchids
Meaning of Black Orchids
Pink Tropical Rainforest Flowers
Pink Tropical Rainforest Flowers
Flowers That Symbolize Grace
Flowers That Symbolize Grace
Names of Asian Flowers
Names of Asian Flowers
History of Corsages
History of Corsages
Garden Guides
×