Varieties of Jasmine Plants
Grown in a wide variety of colors, shapes and sizes, each with its own distinct growing requirements, jasmine plants are hardy garden plants. Some jasmine plants are vines that creep around the landscape, while others are low-growing shrubs. Oftentimes, jasmine varieties are evergreen, meaning they retain their foliage and color all year long, including winter. Tucked along a garden border or growing over an arbor, jasmine plants create a vibrant presence in the landscape.
Dwarf jasmine (Jasminum parkeri) has a moderate growth rate and fine texture. Growing 1 foot high and 2 1/2 feet wide, dwarf jasmine is a low-growing deciduous shrub. The slender, spreading stems and mounding shape are ideal in the front of a flowerbed, or tucked along border. Dwarf jasmine has small, yellow flowers that emerge in early summer. The dark green leaves on dwarf jasmine grown in small clusters of three to five leaflets. While it is versatile and tolerates a wide range of growing conditions, dwarf jasmine prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. The USDA hardiness zone for planting is 9 to 10.
Showy jasmine (Jasminum floridum) is a semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub with a slow-to-moderate growth rate and fine texture. The slender, arching stems on showy jasmine produce a low-growing, mound-like form. Showy jasmine grows 3 to 5 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. It is ideal lining a garden wall for long-lasting color. The yellow flowers on showy jasmine emerge in spring to early summer. The zone for planting is 8 to 10.
Carolina jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens) is an evergreen vine that has a moderate to rapid growth rate and fine-to-medium texture. The twining stems of Carolina jasmine reach 10 to 20 feet long to hold the yellow, fragrant, spring-blooming flowers. Drought and wind-tolerant, Carolina jasmine has oblong, green leaves that turn bronze in winter. Carolina jasmine requires full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. The zone for planting is 7 to 9.
A deciduous shrub with a rapid growth rate, winter jasmine (Jasminum nudifloru) has fine texture and a broad, spreading form with arching stems. Growing 6 to 10 feet tall and wide, winter jasmine have yellow flowers that emerge in late winter to early spring on the previous year’s growth. The foliage on winter jasmine is deep green and lustrous with a bright green stem that holds the oblong leaflets. Drought-tolerant, winter jasmine tolerates a severe pruning after the blooming season. Winter jasmine requires full sun to partial shade and well-drained, nutrient-laden soil. Adaptable, it also tolerates a wide range of growing conditions, including heavy clay and sandy soil. The zone for planting is 6 to 9.