List of Arkansas Native Plants
Arkansas is in the south-central portion of the United States and home to the Ozark Mountains. The state is known for having moderate temperatures during the spring and summer months and each season provides growing plants with a different kind of weather. You might think that these plants would have a hard time adjusting to the constantly changing seasons, but for the native plants of Arkansas, it suits them just fine.
False Indigo Bush (Amorpha fruticosa)
False indigo is a deciduous shrub that is often referred to as having a "leggy" look to it and is fuller on the top third of the shrub than toward the bottom. It grows from 6 to 10 feet and is sometimes also called indigo bush, desert false indigo, or bastard indigo. In the late spring, false indigo produces small purplish to dark-blue flowers in upright spike-like clusters that bloom through June and are a favorite to butterflies. Oddly, this plant is a member of the pea flower family and in the fall kidney shaped pods form on the plant that remain there through most of the winter. Sometimes considered invasive, false indigo likes sun to part sun and does fine with the occasionally cold of Arkansas' winters.
Meadow Goldenrod (Solidago Canadensis)
Meadow goldenrod is a perennial herb that often gets a bad reputation as the cause of sinus problems in the fall. This is due to its similar appearance to ragweed (Ambrosia), which also happens to appear at the same time in the late summer through early fall. Goldenrod grows up to 5 feet tall and has small bright yellow flowers that cluster together, spreading out like a hand to somewhat resemble the tail feathers of a giant, gold-colored chicken. These flowers are edible and may be dried for use as a tea or made into an oil for use with respiratory problems and aching muscle relief. Goldenrod likes part sun to full sun and prefers a somewhat dry soil.
Wild Oats (Uvularia sessilifolia )
Wild oats is a rhizomatous perennial that grows to 12-inches tall and is often used in garden areas as a ground cover. It is a delicate looking plant with oblong-shaped leaves and soft yellow 1-inch, bell-shaped flowers that bloom from mid to late spring. Wild oats is shade loving and prefers deep shade to shade and moist sandy soil that drains well.