How to Repot Jade Plants
The jade plant (Crassula argentea) is a simple houseplant to grow. Give it bright light and a little water, and it will thrive. The jade plant is a succulent and a native of South Africa. Although in warmer climates it can grow well in the garden, it is generally grown as a houseplant. Repot the jade plant every two to three years. Choose a pot that is the next largest size from the one in which the jade is currently growing.
Lay down some newspaper in the area in which you plan to do the repotting.
Mix together equal parts of potting soil and coarse sand, and a handful of bone meal in an old planting pot. Water the soil until it drains from the bottom of the pot. When it is completely drained, water the soil again.
Fill the new planting pot halfway with the soil mixture.
Hold one hand over the top of the plant and use the other to turn the pot upside down, over the newspapers. Gently coax the plant out of the pot.
Loosen the roots around the outside of the rootball with your fingers. Place the plant in the new pot. The top of the rootball should sit 1/2 inch below the rim of the pot. You may have to add or remove soil to get the plant to the proper depth. Finish filling the pot with soil, allowing the very top of the rootball to remain exposed.
Allow the soil to dry out prior to watering. When you water, pour the water slowly over the exposed part of the rootball.
Repotting Jade Plants
Evergreen jade plants (Crassula ovata) grow outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 11 and 12, but you can grow them as houseplants anywhere. Jade plants can go years without repotting. Move a jade plant to a new container only if the plant becomes top-heavy or begins to lift out of its old pot. Select a new pot with at least one bottom drain hole so the soil can drain readily. Before repotting, wash the pot in warm, soapy water and soak it in a solution of 1 part bleach and 9 parts water for 30 minutes to disinfect it. Insert a narrow trowel between the soil and the sides of the pot to loosen it, and then turn the pot upside down and slide the jade plant out while supporting the soil with your other hand. Examine the roots closely for dead, brittle roots, mushy or rotten roots, or long roots that are completely circling the exterior of the root ball.
- Potting soil
- Coarse builder's sand
- Bone meal
- Planting pots
- University of Florida: Crassula argentea
- "The Complete Guide to Houseplants: The Easy Way to Choose and Grow Healthy, Happy Houseplants;" Valerie Bradley; 2006
- Clemson Cooperative Extension: Jade Plant
- Missouri Botanical Garden: Crassula Ovata
- University of Illinois Extension: Repotting Houseplants