Hi, I'm Scott Reel and on behalf of expertvillage.com I'd like to talk to you about tree and shrub maintenance. Now that we've started taken some of the weight off the end of our tree branch, we can get down to the serious part, cutting it off near the trunk. Up to this point it hasn't really matter where we've made the cut, because we knew we were cutting all the way back to the trunk but now it becomes crucially important to make the cut in the right place for the long term health of the tree. Where you want to cut is called the branch collar and I can show it to you on the branch right here. We're not going to cut this whole part off, I'll come back and get that with a chain saw later, but we're going to cut right here. Let's assume this is the main part of the tree we're trying to save. Right here you can see a part called the bark ridge and the bark ridge is the part of the tree where compartmentalization happens. The tree seals itself off at that collar so that rot does not travel past there. If you cut into that collar, the rot can continue through that hole into the rest of the tree and once tree rot gets into a vertical part of the tree like a trunk, it moves very quickly and easily. So it's important that we don't create another entry point for diseases or fungus. So we're going to begin our cut just outside of the bark collar, right here. Now, we started our cut and we got a good cut on top, but what I want to do is come back and put a jump cut on here and you can see that I've done that underneath already. I've come back inside a little bit, but still outside our bark collar and made a cut on the underside. The jump cut means that the tree will jump away from the tree once this other cut begins to separate, rather than causing a bark henge that can peel down the tree and really scar and disfigure your tree. Now, you can come in close down here and see the damage that was done by inefficiently and incorrectly tying things up to your tree. These chains have growing right into the bark, right through the cambium layer, probably right through the phloem. It totally interrupted the exchange of food, nutrients and water back and forth in the branch, it probably lead to the demise. So, important things to remember; be kind to your trees, don't go hanging things up and screwing things into them cause they will definitely show you their pain, it just may take a while. Remember, small tree jobs that you can handle with hand tools are easily and carefully taken down with by yourself, but anything that requires a chain saw and you think a ladder, requires a licensed Arborist to come in and do the work, save yourself a lot of pain, aggravation of property damage and hire the professionals to do the big stuff.