In this clip we're going to look at how conditioning wood affects the way it receives stain. Let's take a look at a piece of Pine that I've conditioned already and stained. Now this is a piece of Pine which I've, I've just stained without any conditioner at all. As you can see it's, it's a little rough, a little blotchy. There's an inconsistency from, from one piece, one area to the next, as to how the stain has been absorbed. So, the other side you can see that I have conditioned this side of the wood, and you can see it's a lot more even toned. You will notice these, these horizontal bands. These are, are planing marks from the sawmill. Before you put any finish on your furniture project, you'll want to make very certain that you've sanded your surface very, very throughly to avoid that. As you can see when you put your stain on, that becomes a lot more noticeable, as you can hardly see that in the original wood, unstained wood. So, again this is the conditioned wood, and all I did was put one thin coat of the mixture of denatured alcohol and shellac. You can see the difference it made in the way the wood received the stain.