How to Grow Japanese Spurge (Pachysandra Terminalis, Pachysandra Procumbens)

Views: 20010 | Last Update: 2009-04-30
The Japanese spurge is a plant that comes in two different varieties that are from two different parts of the world. Discover how to grow pachysandra plants from Japan and the eastern United States with instructions from a sustainable gardener in this... View Video Transcript

About this Author

Yolanda Vanveen

Video Transcript

Hi, this is Yolanda Vanveen, and in this segment, we're going to learn all about Japanese spurge, or pachysandra. But when we're trying to figure out how to grow it, there's two different varieties that are from two different parts of the world, so we'll examine which ones are from where and how to grow them. So the pachysandra terminalis is a creeping evergreen perennial that's native to Japan. So it can handle zones five to ten, so it's pretty hearty. It has leathery, ovate leaves with saw-tooth tips, which are really interesting, and they're clustered at the ends with short stems. They have little, tiny white flowers, and sometimes pink or purple tinted, and they appear in clusters in the summer. And it's frost-resistant. It can handle a little bit of freeze, and makes a good ground cover. And they even have a variety called variegata that has cream or grey-green and green variegated foliage, so it's gorgeous. Now, there's another pachysandra from another area. So the pachysandra procumbens, or the Allegheny spurge, is from the Eastern U.S.A. So it's also a clumping ground cover, but it's slower growing than the other pachysandra terminalis from Japan, and so it's less invasive. And it produces upright and inflorescent flowers of cream and pink. And they bloom in the early spring before the new growth develops. So in the fall, the foliage develops a silvery marbling, and they're gorgeous, and they're from zones six to ten so they can't get as cold as the Japanese variety. So the Japanese spurge is pretty hearty, and you can start it by seed or you can start it by division -- plant division, just a little root. You can start it in the fall and get new growth to come up in the spring and have your own starts. They're a gorgeous plant that's very unusual, and so they're a great addition to your garden.