This is done in the fall just before the ground freezes and winter sets in. You plant your garlic. You don't want it to have too much top growth before winter. It can come up. It's best if it doesn't come up at all. It'll put out roots first and that will hold it in the ground until winter and you will be ready to start growing in the spring. In this area of Western Massachusetts, New England, it's late September, early October that you will be planting. You plant too early and it will come up and grow too much before the freeze and it will be weak the next year. So I try to wait as long as possible. Try to wait too long and you're out here planting in frozen soil and that's not very good. That's it. Six inches apart, both ways, root side down, pointy side up, about 2 - 2 1/2 inches deep, nice rich soil. Then you sit back and wait. Well, not quite. One more step, we'll show you next.