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Last Update: 2009-05-02
Wildlife gardening is important to counter the hostile effects of urban development on the environment, and to offer animals a green space to thrive and migrate through. Create wildlife habitats in a garden, including tress, ponds, shrubs, flowers and... View Video Transcript
It's really important to garden for wildlife in a city like London. Urban environments are incredibly hostile to wildlife. And a garden can provide valuable green space for animals to find shelter and food and also to migrate across. Gardens also act as really important carbon sinks in areas for water to absorb into. Vegetation such as large trees and shrubs also provide cooling shade with in the heat of the city. The basic principles of gardening for wildlife is to create as many different types of habitat in your garden space as you possibly can. And you can achieve this in large and small gardens. Different habitats may include a small meadow, a hedge row, watery area such as bogs and ponds, beds with flowers across the season for nectar for bumblebees and butterflies to feed from. Ponds and wet areas for amphibians such as frogs and newts and lizards such as slow worms to seek shelter and to lay their eggs. Hedge rows provide great nesting and feeding opportunities for birds and invertebrate. They may not be possible to incorporate all these features into your garden, and really the best way to approach it is to identify the different personalities of your garden. You are more certainly going to have a damper area in one corner which you can, you can create as a habitat for amphibians by laying logs and large stones for them to seek shelter and in the winter. It's quite possible you'll have a big enough open space to build a pond, or to have a meadow, create a meadow in. All gardens have flowerbeds so why not choose flowers that are rich in nectar for bumblebees and butterflies to feed from and pollinate. Other features to incorporate into your garden include piles of logs or perhaps stones for invertebrates to nest in. And don't forget when you are gardening for wildlife not to be too tidy, leave some piles of leaves, leave your dead wood because that's where the animals will migrate, that's where the wildlife will migrate to and seek shelter. And that's the basic principles of wildlife gardening.