Hi, this is Yolanda, from vanveenbulbs.com, and in this segment, we're going to talk about how conifers produce, how do they reproduce, and how do conifer trees make babies. So, it's really ex, a very simple thing; just like flowers and other plants conifers are trees, and they are pine trees so they're evergreen. They have green leaves year round. They never lose their leaves all at one time, but they actually are losing their leaves consistently year round. They just lose a few at a time just like we lose our hair just a little bit at a time, and it's always growing new leaves. And that's the amazing part about conifers. But they do need to grow in a colder climate. They don't seem to do well in climates that don't have colder winters, so in climates where it's warm year round it's very difficult for conifers to grow. Conifers multiply very easily so their pinecones, they make pinecones, and this is how they make their babies. So, within the pinecones there's lots of seeds, and so as the pinecone breaks up every little part actually is a seed, so it will eventually grow into another tree. And it's very simple. Birds and all types of animals will bring the pinecones all over, and they will actually start new plants all over the forest. And the wind will even take the seeds into different areas, and that's why there's a lot of pitch on pine trees too, and conifers. Because that way they can stick to animals and deer, and they can go into different areas and and they can start new families in different areas of the woods. Conifers are very simple. They just grow pinecones. They're asexual. They don't need other plants to survive, and they will produce lots of different plants from their pinecones. It's very simple.