Hi, I'm Jim Harmon, with California Pest Management here in California. We're going to talk a little bit about moles in the landscape and in your yard, and how to stop them. First off, the mole is a very small insect eating creature. They are underneath the grass in the soil; swimming through it if you will, and as they burrow they're pushing the soil up. Now, you will see, on moles, small circular mounds. These conical, circular mounds is where they've come up closer to the surface. But, they don't come out typically, like we see with gophers, and forage on the surface. They like to stay below ground at all times. They can't see very well, but their sense of touch is incredible, and they're well adapted for literally swimming through the soil. Now, when we're dealing with the moles biggest problem is control, because they don't leave an open tunnel that's verily, easily accessible. Now, if you call a professional be prepared. A mole control program is very extensive, and it takes three, or four, or five visits from the service person. There's only a few new products, but they're great. Talpirid is one of them if they call it by name. Make sure you get the right competent company to do this. They're going to be probing and making notes where all the new burrows are; then come back the next day after doing all the marking and see if those burrows have been closed back up. If they have then we have activity. They'll put the bait inside, and that, typically, will knock it out. Make sure though, if you have pets we don't want the pets getting the moles and chewing on em', or trying to eat them because it might make them sick. One of the other best ways to get a mole is going to be with a trap. The scissor traps, big, ungainly, and dangerous. They are designed to shish kabob, literally, a mole underground, so they're under a spring tension and they shoot spikes straight down into the soil when they the mole trips the trigger. If you have children or pets this is definitely not the way to go. So, let's talk a little bit about one thing you can do. There's an old home, old remedy of mixing up some Murphy's Oil Soap, some cayenne pepper, and spraying that all over our ground here. Now, I'll read you the recipe. The recipe calls for one cup of Murphy's Oil Soap, with one ounce of Castor Oil, and a quarter cup cayenne pepper, and that's all in our nice little hose end sprayer. And what we want to do, make sure you wear gloves when you're handling this stuff, cause' it is nasty and if you got a cut it will burn, and that's the idea. We want to spray this all over the turf and really soak it in so that way it soaks deep into the soil. Water it in afterwards really good for at least twenty to thirty minutes with your sprinkler system. You want this to settle down all the way, soak into the soil so as that mole is swimming through the soil he's going to encounter it, sense it with his whiskers and turn the other way. This is one of the better remedies if you don't want to use traditional pesticides. The sonic materials; they don't really do a whole heck of a lot. You really need to rely on either a professional, or take your chances with one of these. Good luck.