How to Fertilize a Garden

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How to Fertilize a Garden - Provided by eHow
Learn how to fertilize a garden in this free video on low maintenance gardening. View Video Transcript

About this Author

Doug Smiddy

Video Transcript

I'm Doug Smiddy of Smiddy's Gardening Services here on behalf of and welcome to my garden. Today we're here to talk about low maintenance gardening. Okay, earlier we talked about your soil and your garden but what we did is we talked about it structurely, now we're going to talk about it chemically. What I mean is the assiduity of the soil, which is also called the PH and you want to have a certain amount of nutrients in there primarily nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. I strongly recommend a soil test and you have two choices on that; you can send a sample to your local university extension service, give them a call they'll send you a test kit, you send it in, really simple. Or go to your local garden center, by a kit it'll tell you how to do it. If you do choose that route I highly recommend just using distilled water in the mix to get a truest reading that you can. Once we have those results, we're going to talk about how to amend the soil so your plants not just live but they thrive. So now we got our soil test results back with the recommendations. So how are we're going to remend the soil whether we're going to add lime or fertilizer. The lime and fertilizer is going to tell you how much to apply for a given area, whether it's 5 pounds for hundred square feet, whatever it may be follow those directions they're there for a reason. More is not better. Again, follow directions it's very, very important. In most cases like a fertilizer like this you're going to put down like 5 pounds for every thousand square feet, but again it depends on the type of fertilizer you buy. Organic fertilizer that I like to use is going to be a much heavier application and a synthetic fertilizer, but again follow the directions. What you want to do when you put it down is basically measure out about how much you're going to need. If you can weigh it out that's great, it's better to under fertilize twice than to over fertilize once, that's my rule of thumb. But basically what I do you can see I have the started plants here already and I'm going to give them a little fertilizer. I have my measured out amount of fertilizer, I'm just going to take it and spread it out next to the plants just like that and then I'm going to take something like a little hand held cultivator like this and just lightly work into the soil. That way it gets down closer to the roots. I'm not disturbing the plants and this way when the plants need that fertilizer, it's right there for them and then once it's all in the soil I'm just going to go get my garden hose and water that in a little bit. Once these little particles, let me show you from here, once these little particles get in the soil they start breaking down and physically become part of the soil and that's when the plants can really absorb them through the roots. So again, once you have all this set and your fertilizer is in there and the ph is where you want it to be, you really don't have to worry about it except keeping your garden watered and watch those plants grow.