Yellow Nutsedge (Esculentus)

The Yellow Nutsedge (Esculentus) is generally described as a perennial graminoid. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the summer and fall . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the mid summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Yellow Nutsedge (Esculentus) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate.

The Yellow Nutsedge (Esculentus) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by sprigs. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 42°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Graminoid
Growth Period Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native and Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Mid Summer
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 0.7
Vegetative Spread Rapid
Flower Color Green
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Sprigs
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature 42
Soil Depth for Roots 10
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5–7 pH
Precipitation Range 14–14 inches/yr
Planting Density 11000–18000 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 10
Minimum Frost-Free Days 90 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA