White Avens (Canadense)

The White Avens (Canadense) is generally described as a perennial forb/herb. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The White Avens (Canadense) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical White Avens (Canadense) will reach up to 3.9 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The White Avens (Canadense) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -33°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Forb/herb
Growth Period Spring
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 3.9
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -33
Soil Depth for Roots 4
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.5–7.5 pH
Precipitation Range 15–15 inches/yr
Planting Density 3450–10912 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 4
Minimum Frost-Free Days 140 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Medium
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA