Virginia Dayflower (Virginica)

The Virginia Dayflower (Virginica) is generally described as a perennial forb/herb. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the summer and fall . The Virginia Dayflower (Virginica) has green foliage and inconspicuous blue flowers, with a moderate amount of conspicuous red fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the mid summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Virginia Dayflower (Virginica) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Virginia Dayflower (Virginica) will reach up to 3.5 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Virginia Dayflower (Virginica) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by container, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -18°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Forb/herb
Growth Period Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Mid Summer
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 3.5
Vegetative Spread Rapid
Flower Color Blue
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -18
Soil Depth for Roots 10
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.7–6.7 pH
Precipitation Range 36–36 inches/yr
Planting Density 2700–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 10
Minimum Frost-Free Days 165 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA