Valley Redstem (Coccinea)

The Valley Redstem (Coccinea) is generally described as an annual forb/herb or subshrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring . The Valley Redstem (Coccinea) has green foliage and inconspicuous purple flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the indeterminate, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Valley Redstem (Coccinea) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Valley Redstem (Coccinea) will reach up to 1.6 foot high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Valley Redstem (Coccinea) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -38°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Forb/herb, Subshrub
Growth Period Spring
Growth Duration Annual
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Indeterminate
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Crown
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 1.6
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Purple
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -38
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate None
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4–5.9 pH
Precipitation Range 16–16 inches/yr
Planting Density 0–0 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Minimum Frost-Free Days 120 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA