Tamarind (Indica)

The Tamarind (Indica) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the year round . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the winter and continuing until spring. Leaves are retained year to year. The Tamarind (Indica) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Tamarind (Indica) will reach up to 50 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 40 feet.

The Tamarind (Indica) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by container, seed. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 26°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Tree
Growth Period Year Round
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Spring
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 50
Vegetative Spread Slow
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Winter Spring
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 26
Soil Depth for Roots 60
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.5–8 pH
Precipitation Range 39–39 inches/yr
Planting Density 170–300 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 60
Minimum Frost-Free Days 365 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Palatability High
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA