Sweetbriar Rose (Eglanteria)

The Sweetbriar Rose (Eglanteria) is generally described as a perennial subshrub. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The Sweetbriar Rose (Eglanteria) has green foliage and inconspicuous red flowers, with an abuncance of conspicuous purple fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Sweetbriar Rose (Eglanteria) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Sweetbriar Rose (Eglanteria) will reach up to 10 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 10 feet.

The Sweetbriar Rose (Eglanteria) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -33°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Subshrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Multiple Stem
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 10
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color Red
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -33
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.2–7.5 pH
Precipitation Range 32–32 inches/yr
Planting Density 2700–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Minimum Frost-Free Days 100 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Medium
CaCO3 Tolerance High
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA