Sugarcane (Officinarum)

The Sugarcane (Officinarum) is generally described as a perennial graminoid. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The Sugarcane (Officinarum) has green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a moderate amount of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late winter, with fruit and seed production starting in the winter and continuing until spring. Leaves are retained year to year. The Sugarcane (Officinarum) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Sugarcane (Officinarum) will reach up to 12 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Sugarcane (Officinarum) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by seed, sod, sprigs, tubers. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 17°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Graminoid
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Winter
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Bunch
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Height When Mature 12
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Winter Spring
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Seed, Sod, Sprigs, Tubers
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 17
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4–7 pH
Precipitation Range 40–40 inches/yr
Planting Density 4800–11000 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Minimum Frost-Free Days 365 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Palatability High
Fire Resistant Yes
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA