Sugarcane Plumegrass (Giganteum)

The Sugarcane Plumegrass (Giganteum) is generally described as a perennial graminoid. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the summer . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Sugarcane Plumegrass (Giganteum) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Sugarcane Plumegrass (Giganteum) will reach up to 9.8 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Sugarcane Plumegrass (Giganteum) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by sprigs. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -28°F. has none tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Graminoid
Growth Period Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Bunch
Drought Tolerance None
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 9.8
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Green
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Sprigs
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -28
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 3.5–7 pH
Precipitation Range 35–35 inches/yr
Planting Density 3450–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Minimum Frost-Free Days 110 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA