Squashberry (Edule)

The Squashberry (Edule) is generally described as a perennial shrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the summer and fall . The Squashberry (Edule) has green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with an abuncance of conspicuous red fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Squashberry (Edule) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a slow growth rate. At maturity, the typical Squashberry (Edule) will reach up to 12 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 18 feet.

The Squashberry (Edule) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by cuttings, seed, sprigs. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -50°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Slow
General Type Shrub
Growth Period Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 12
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Cuttings, Seed, Sprigs
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -50
Soil Depth for Roots 96
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate None
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4–7 pH
Precipitation Range 8–8 inches/yr
Planting Density 1200–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 96
Minimum Frost-Free Days 88 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA