Spotted Gum (Maculata)

The Spotted Gum (Maculata) has dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a moderate amount of conspicuous black fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the winter, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until summer. Leaves are retained year to year. The Spotted Gum (Maculata) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Spotted Gum (Maculata) will reach up to 75 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 40 feet.

The Spotted Gum (Maculata) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 19°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Rapid
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Winter
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 75
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Summer
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements High
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 19
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 6–8 pH
Precipitation Range 20–20 inches/yr
Planting Density 170–1200 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Minimum Frost-Free Days 180 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant Yes
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA