Spanish Elm (Alliodora)

The Spanish Elm (Alliodora) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer and fall . The Spanish Elm (Alliodora) has green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with an abuncance of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until spring. Leaves are retained year to year. The Spanish Elm (Alliodora) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Spanish Elm (Alliodora) will reach up to 70 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 50 feet.

The Spanish Elm (Alliodora) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 57°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Tree
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 70
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Spring
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements High
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature 57
Soil Depth for Roots 28
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.5–7.5 pH
Precipitation Range 30–30 inches/yr
Planting Density 170–300 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 28
Minimum Frost-Free Days 365 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA