Southern Arrowwood (Dentatum)

The Southern Arrowwood (Dentatum) is generally described as a perennial tree or shrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer and fall . The Southern Arrowwood (Dentatum) has dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a moderate amount of conspicuous black fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Southern Arrowwood (Dentatum) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a slow growth rate. At maturity, the typical Southern Arrowwood (Dentatum) will reach up to 16.4 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 25 feet.

The Southern Arrowwood (Dentatum) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by cuttings, seed, sprigs. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -50°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Slow
General Type Tree, Shrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Spring
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Thicket Forming
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 16.4
Vegetative Spread Slow
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Cuttings, Seed, Sprigs
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -50
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate None
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4–7 pH
Precipitation Range 16–16 inches/yr
Planting Density 1200–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Minimum Frost-Free Days 167 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA