Skunkbush Sumac (Trilobata)

The Skunkbush Sumac (Trilobata) is generally described as a perennial shrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until summer. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Skunkbush Sumac (Trilobata) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a slow growth rate. At maturity, the typical Skunkbush Sumac (Trilobata) will reach up to 4 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 4 feet.

The Skunkbush Sumac (Trilobata) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -53°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Slow
General Type Shrub
Growth Period Spring
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Spring
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Height When Mature 4
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Summer
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -53
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 6.5–8.2 pH
Precipitation Range 8–8 inches/yr
Planting Density 680–2728 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Minimum Frost-Free Days 140 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Medium
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA