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Scouler's Willow (Scouleriana)

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Scouler's Willow (Scouleriana)

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The Scouler's Willow (Scouleriana) is generally described as a perennial tree or shrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The Scouler's Willow (Scouleriana) has green foliage and inconspicuous yellow flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until spring. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Scouler's Willow (Scouleriana) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Scouler's Willow (Scouleriana) will reach up to 50 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 30 feet.

The Scouler's Willow (Scouleriana) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by bare root, container, cuttings, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -13°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Tree, Shrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Spring
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Multiple Stem
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Height When Mature 50
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Spring
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Cuttings, Seed
Moisture Requirements High
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -13
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 6.5–8 pH
Precipitation Range 11–11 inches/yr
Planting Density 3000–7000 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Minimum Frost-Free Days 180 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance High
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability High
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA

Plant Name Synonyms
  • Salix brachystachys
  • Salix brachystachys var. scouleriana
  • Salix capreoides
  • Salix flavescens
  • Salix flavescens var. capreoides
  • Salix flavescens var. scouleriana
  • Salix nuttallii
  • Salix nuttallii var. capreoides
  • Salix scouleriana var. brachystachys
  • Salix scouleriana var. coetanea
  • Salix scouleriana var. crassijulis
  • Salix scouleriana var. flavescens
  • Salix scouleriana var. poikila
  • Salix scouleriana var. thompsonii
  • Salix stagnalis
Plant Distribution
can be found in Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
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