Sand Pine (Clausa)

The Sand Pine (Clausa) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer and fall . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the fall, with fruit and seed production starting in the winter and continuing until fall. Leaves are retained year to year. The Sand Pine (Clausa) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a slow growth rate. At maturity, the typical Sand Pine (Clausa) will reach up to 80 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 30 feet.

The Sand Pine (Clausa) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, cuttings, seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 2°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Slow
General Type Tree
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Fall
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Height When Mature 80
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Winter Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Cuttings, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature 2
Soil Depth for Roots 28
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.2–5.5 pH
Precipitation Range 40–40 inches/yr
Planting Density 430–700 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse
Soil Depth for Roots 28
Minimum Frost-Free Days 265 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA