Ross' Avens (Turbinatum)

The Ross' Avens (Turbinatum) is generally described as a perennial forb/herb. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring . The Ross' Avens (Turbinatum) has green foliage and inconspicuous yellow flowers, with an abuncance of conspicuous black fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Ross' Avens (Turbinatum) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate.

The Ross' Avens (Turbinatum) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a rapid ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 26°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Forb/herb
Growth Period Spring
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Summer
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Height When Mature 0.4
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature 26
Soil Depth for Roots 3
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.5–5.6 pH
Precipitation Range 10–10 inches/yr
Planting Density 2700–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 3
Minimum Frost-Free Days 80 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant Yes
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA