Pipsissewa (Umbellata)

The Pipsissewa (Umbellata) is generally described as a perennial subshrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the summer . The Pipsissewa (Umbellata) has green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until summer. Leaves are retained year to year. The Pipsissewa (Umbellata) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a slow growth rate. At maturity, the typical Pipsissewa (Umbellata) will reach up to 1.5 foot high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 1 foot.

The Pipsissewa (Umbellata) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by seed, sprigs, tubers. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -38°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Slow
General Type Subshrub
Growth Period Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 1.5
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Summer
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Seed, Sprigs, Tubers
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -38
Soil Depth for Roots 8
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.4–7.4 pH
Precipitation Range 30–30 inches/yr
Planting Density 2700–10000 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 8
Minimum Frost-Free Days 85 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Fire Resistant Yes
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA