Pacific Bleeding Heart (Formosa)

The Pacific Bleeding Heart (Formosa) is generally described as a perennial forb/herb. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The Pacific Bleeding Heart (Formosa) has green foliage and inconspicuous purple flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous black fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Pacific Bleeding Heart (Formosa) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Pacific Bleeding Heart (Formosa) will reach up to 1.5 foot high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Pacific Bleeding Heart (Formosa) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, corms, cuttings, seed, tubers. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -23°F. has none tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Forb/herb
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Summer
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance None
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 1.5
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color Purple
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Corms, Cuttings, Seed, Tubers
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -23
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.5–6 pH
Precipitation Range 55–55 inches/yr
Planting Density 11000–24000 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Minimum Frost-Free Days 200 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant Yes
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA