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Missouri Gourd (Foetidissima)

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Missouri Gourd (Foetidissima)

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The Missouri Gourd (Foetidissima) is generally described as a perennial vine or forb/herb. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The Missouri Gourd (Foetidissima) has green foliage and inconspicuous yellow flowers, with an abuncance of conspicuous yellow fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Missouri Gourd (Foetidissima) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Missouri Gourd (Foetidissima) will reach up to 1 foot high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Missouri Gourd (Foetidissima) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a rapid ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -20°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Vine, Forb/herb
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Summer
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Crown
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 1
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -20
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 7–8.8 pH
Precipitation Range 5–5 inches/yr
Planting Density 1200–1200 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Minimum Frost-Free Days 160 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance High
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability High
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA

Plant Name Synonyms
  • Pepo foetidissima
Plant Distribution
can be found in Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming