Miner's Lettuce (Perfoliata)

The Miner's Lettuce (Perfoliata) is generally described as a perennial forb/herb. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring . The Miner's Lettuce (Perfoliata) has green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the mid spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until spring. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Miner's Lettuce (Perfoliata) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Miner's Lettuce (Perfoliata) will reach up to 1 foot high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Miner's Lettuce (Perfoliata) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 52°F. has none tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Forb/herb
Growth Period Spring
Growth Duration Annual, Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Mid Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Crown
Drought Tolerance None
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 1
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Spring
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 52
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 6–7 pH
Precipitation Range 14–14 inches/yr
Planting Density 0–0 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Minimum Frost-Free Days 40 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA