Littleleaf Ratany (Erecta)

The Littleleaf Ratany (Erecta) is generally described as a perennial subshrub or shrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The Littleleaf Ratany (Erecta) has gray-green foliage and inconspicuous purple flowers, with a moderate amount of conspicuous purple fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Littleleaf Ratany (Erecta) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a slow growth rate. At maturity, the typical Littleleaf Ratany (Erecta) will reach up to 2 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 1 foot.

The Littleleaf Ratany (Erecta) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -13°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Slow
General Type Subshrub, Shrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Multiple Stem
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 2
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Purple
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -13
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 7–8.5 pH
Precipitation Range 4–4 inches/yr
Planting Density 10–3500 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Minimum Frost-Free Days 250 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance High
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability High
Fire Resistant Yes
Causes Livestock Bloating High

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA