Jojoba (Chinensis)

The Jojoba (Chinensis) is generally described as a perennial shrub. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the summer and fall . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are retained year to year. The Jojoba (Chinensis) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Jojoba (Chinensis) will reach up to 7 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 7 feet.

The Jojoba (Chinensis) generally appears in field collections and doesn't tend to be commercially available. It can be propagated by bare root, container, cuttings, seed. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -3°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Shrub
Growth Period Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Field Collections Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Multiple Stem
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 7
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Cuttings, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -3
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 7–8.5 pH
Precipitation Range 2–2 inches/yr
Planting Density 10–1200 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Minimum Frost-Free Days 240 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance High
CaCO3 Tolerance High
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Palatability Medium
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA