Hollyleaved Barberry (Aquifolium)

The Hollyleaved Barberry (Aquifolium) is generally described as a perennial shrub or subshrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The Hollyleaved Barberry (Aquifolium) has green foliage and inconspicuous yellow flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous blue fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until summer. Leaves are retained year to year. The Hollyleaved Barberry (Aquifolium) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Hollyleaved Barberry (Aquifolium) will reach up to 8 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 8 feet.

The Hollyleaved Barberry (Aquifolium) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, cuttings, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -43°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Shrub, Subshrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Spring
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 8
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Summer
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Cuttings, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -43
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5–8 pH
Precipitation Range 20–20 inches/yr
Planting Density 1700–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Minimum Frost-Free Days 170 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Palatability Medium
Fire Resistant No

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA