Foxtail Bristlegrass (Italica)

The Foxtail Bristlegrass (Italica) is generally described as an annual graminoid. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the fall and continuing until winter. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Foxtail Bristlegrass (Italica) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Foxtail Bristlegrass (Italica) will reach up to 5 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Foxtail Bristlegrass (Italica) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 52°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Graminoid
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Annual
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Bunch
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 5
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Fall Winter
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 52
Soil Depth for Roots 8
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate None
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.3–6.9 pH
Precipitation Range 25–25 inches/yr
Planting Density 0–0 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 8
Minimum Frost-Free Days 110 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Medium
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA