European Yellow Lupine (Luteus)

The European Yellow Lupine (Luteus) is generally described as an annual forb/herb. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the fall and winter and spring . The European Yellow Lupine (Luteus) has green foliage and inconspicuous yellow flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous green fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The European Yellow Lupine (Luteus) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical European Yellow Lupine (Luteus) will reach up to 2 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The European Yellow Lupine (Luteus) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 23°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Forb/herb
Growth Period Fall, Winter, Spring
Growth Duration Annual
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Single Crown
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 2
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 23
Soil Depth for Roots 10
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.6–7 pH
Precipitation Range 35–35 inches/yr
Planting Density 0–0 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 10
Minimum Frost-Free Days 180 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating Low

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA