European Beachgrass (Arenaria)

The European Beachgrass (Arenaria) is generally described as a perennial graminoid. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the spring and fall . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until summer. Leaves are not retained year to year. The European Beachgrass (Arenaria) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical European Beachgrass (Arenaria) will reach up to 2 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The European Beachgrass (Arenaria) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, sprigs. It has a none ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 7°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Graminoid
Growth Period Spring, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Rhizomatous
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 2
Vegetative Spread Rapid
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Summer
Seed Spread Rate None
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Sprigs
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 7
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 6–8.5 pH
Precipitation Range 30–30 inches/yr
Planting Density 10890–43560 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Minimum Frost-Free Days 175 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance High
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Medium
Fire Resistant Yes
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA