English Ivy (Helix)

The English Ivy (Helix) is generally described as a perennial vine. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . Leaves are not retained year to year. The English Ivy (Helix) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical English Ivy (Helix) will reach up to 5 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The English Ivy (Helix) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, cuttings. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -23°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Vine
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Stoloniferous
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 5
Vegetative Spread Rapid
Flower Conspicuousness No
Seed Spread Rate None
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Cuttings
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature -23
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.2–7.8 pH
Precipitation Range 28–28 inches/yr
Planting Density 2700–10000 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Minimum Frost-Free Days 160 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant Yes

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA