Crimson Fountaingrass (Setaceum)

The Crimson Fountaingrass (Setaceum) is generally described as a perennial graminoid. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the summer . The Crimson Fountaingrass (Setaceum) has green foliage and inconspicuous yellow flowers, with a moderate amount of conspicuous purple fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the mid summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Crimson Fountaingrass (Setaceum) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Crimson Fountaingrass (Setaceum) will reach up to 3.5 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Crimson Fountaingrass (Setaceum) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by container, seed, sprigs. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 17°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Graminoid
Growth Period Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Mid Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Bunch
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 3.5
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Container, Seed, Sprigs
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 17
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 6–7.5 pH
Precipitation Range 18–18 inches/yr
Planting Density 1700–4800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 12
Minimum Frost-Free Days 280 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA