Carolina Buckthorn (Caroliniana)

The Carolina Buckthorn (Caroliniana) is generally described as a perennial tree or shrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer and fall . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the fall and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Carolina Buckthorn (Caroliniana) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Carolina Buckthorn (Caroliniana) will reach up to 40 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 60 feet.

The Carolina Buckthorn (Caroliniana) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by cuttings, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -27°F. has high tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Tree, Shrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Spring
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance High
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 40
Vegetative Spread Slow
Flower Color Green
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Fall Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Cuttings, Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -27
Soil Depth for Roots 36
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate None
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4–9 pH
Precipitation Range 16–16 inches/yr
Planting Density 320–1200 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 36
Minimum Frost-Free Days 128 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA